“Philosophical Aspects of the Theory of Evolution: Impulse and Vital Process”

This article examines some philosophical considerations about the origin and the concept of life based on Henri Bergson’s work, The creative evolution (1907). To evaluate the different scientific perspectives on the theory of evolution will allow us to understand the evolutionary process from a broader perspective, in which the effort of science converges with the philosophical ideas. The theme of the variation of species, for example, occupied a prominent place in the research of evolutionary biology since Darwin and Eimer, who thought the concept of adaptation based on the model of causality. However, this explanation raises the problem of how it is possible that two different species develop similar organs, either through accidental variations (natural selection) or directed variations.