“Are we essentially different? A normativist approach to think the difference between humans and others beings”
What differentiates human beings from others beings of the world? This question has crossed the whole history of Philosophy from its very beginning. Several answers have been proposed, but we could identified widely two different approaches to this topic. The first one consist of the claim that human beings are nor essentially different from other beings. From this point of view the differences that we can observe between us and others creatures are just a matter of complexity degrees. In this work, I will call this view the “degree-differences-thesis” (DDT). The second approach that can be found in the literature posit that there is something making humans essentially different from the rest of the creatures. Of course discussions arise about what makes us so especial beings, is it our “soul”? Is it our “mind”? Or is It our language? Despite these disagrees, I am going to group the theses that maintain that there is a radical difference between humans and other beings under the denomination of “essential-differences-thesis” (EDT). My aim in this paper is to defend the idea that the distinction between humans persons and others creatures is not just a matter of degree. I will argue for normativism as a very appropriate framework in contemporary philosophy to set out the question about the distinctive feature of human beings and to look for satisfying answers.